Terrorism is not a Muslim Engrossment Kamlesh Kumar Singh Research Scholar Deptt. of Sociology Banaras Hindu University Varanasi-221005 [email protected] com M. N. - 09369240262, 09026399178 Abstract “All Muslims may not be terrorists, but all terrorists are Muslims”. This criticise, frequently heard behind the Mumbai bomb blasts implies that terrorism is a Muslim specialty, if not a engrossment. The postulates are very unanalogous. Primitive there is pin new encircling terrorism. The expression terrorism derives from the Latin verb terrere, "to source to totter or quake. It began to be used during the French Revolution, and in-particular behind the descend of Robespierre and the "Reign of Terror”, or singly "The Terror" in which enemies of the Revolution were subjected to durance, agony, and beheading, the primitive of abundant recent issue of avow terrorism. Sociologically, terrorist orders frequently renew disaffected and estranged individuals, frequently motivated by powerful ideologies affect openism or faith to confide terrorist acts. These in adapt breed societal awe and exacerbate conflicts and dislike amid the gregarious construction.
Terrorism is generally defined as the massacreing of civilians for collective reasons. Going by this restriction, the British Raj referred to Bhagat Singh, Chandra Shekhar Azad and abundant other Indian insubservience fighters as terrorists. These were Hindu and Sikh rather than Muslim. In 1881, anarchists massacreed the Russian Tsar Alexander II and 21 bystanders. In 1901, anarchists massacreed U. S. superintendent McKinley as well-mannered-mannered as tyrant Humbert I of Italy. Universe War I afloat in 1914 when anarchists massacreed Archduke Ferdinand of Austria.
These terrorist onslaughts were not Muslim. Guerrilla Fighters from Mao Zedong to Ho Chi Menh and Fidel Castro massacreed civilians during their revolutionary campaigns. They too were designated terrorists until they triumphed. Pin Muslim encircling them. In Palestine, behind universe war second II, Jewish orders (The Haganah, Irgun, and rigorous Gang) fought for the fabrication of a Jewish avow, bombing hotels and installations and massacreing Civilians. The British, who uniform inferior Palestine, rightly designated these Jewish orders' terrorists.
Many of these terrorists departure became leaders of refractory Israel. Moshe Dayan, Yitzhak Rabin, Menachem Begin, Ariel Sharon. Ironically, these bygone terrorists then lambasted terrorism, applying this smooth simply to Arabs hostile for the very corresponding nationhood that the Jews had fought for antecedent. In Gerabundant in 1968-92, the Badar-Meinhoff Gang massacreed dozens, including the culmination of Treuhand, the German Privatization action. In Italy, the Red Brigade kidnapped and massacreed Aldo Moro, Bygone excellent supply.
In 1970, the current Front for the Liberation of Palestine hijacked three werigorous Jetliners. The orders exacting the planes to plant in the Jordanian wilderness, and then blew up the planes in an resplendent. In 1972, Palestinian gunmen from the corresponding change-of-place stunned the universe when they took Israeli athletes sponsor at the Munich Olympic Games. The Japanese Red Army was an Asian Version of this. Japan was too the abode of Aum Shinrikyo, a Buddhist cult that balmy to massacre thousands in the Tokyo metro rule using strength gas in 1995.
In 1975, an OPEC (construction for Petroleum Exporting Countries) convocation was disrupted in Vienna, Austria when a terrorist order led by the allowed Carlos the Jackal entered, massacreing three vulgar and wounding diverse in a chaotic shootout. In this circumstance no Muslims were compromised. In Europe, the Irish Republican Army has been a wide terrorist construction for closely a senility. Spain and France countenance a terrorist canvass from ETA, the Basque terrorist construction. In, India the militants in Kashmir are Muslim but they are simply one of diverse militant orders.
The Punjab militants led by Bhindrawale, were Sikhs. The United Liberation Front of Assam is a Hindu terrorist order that targets Muslims rather than the other way circular. Tripura has witnessed the ascend and descend of diverse terrorist order and so bear BODO powerful holds in Assam. Christian Mizos Mounted an riot for decades and Christian Nagas are stationary culminationing militant orders. In sum, terrorism is positively not a Muslim engrossment. There are or bear been terrorist orders floating Christian, Jews, Hindus Sikhs and uniform Buddhists. Secular terrorists (anarchists, Maoists) bear been the biggest massacreed.
Why then is there such a liked percussion that most as all terrorists orders as Muslim? I see two reasons. First, the Indian upper ten keenly Follows the werigorous media, and the west affects below onslaught from Islamic orders. Wide Irish terrorists bear massacreed for past vulgar in Britain than Muslims, yet the subway bombings in London and Madrid are what Europeans retain today. The Badaar Meinhoff Garg , IRA and Red Brigades no longer embarrass abundant of a menace, but behind 9/11 Americans and Europeans awe that they could be hit anywhere any term.
So they centre heed on Islamic militancy. They pay dirty heed to other forms of terrorism in Africa, Sri Lanka or India; these embarrass no menace to the west. Amid India, Maoists embarrass a far elder manage than Muslim militants in 150 districts, one-third of India's area. But elder cities affect menaceened simply by Muslim orders. So the open upper ten and media centre overwhelmingly on Muslim terrorism. Doing Ph. D. on the theme "Terrorism: A Sociological consider of Victim's Families