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Respond  on two opposed days who separated opposed factors than you, in the forthcoming ways: Share insights on how your colleague’s factors contact the pathophysiology of affliction. Suggest opinion diagnoses and treatment options for sharp, constant, and referred affliction.                                                              Main Post Pathophysiology of Acute, Chronic, and Referred Pain      Sharp affliction is the assemblage's probable way of alerting one of something hypothetically harming the assemblage.  Sharp affliction can decisive seconds or up to three months.  The chemical mediators that incense the affliction must be removed for release to betide. Physical patentations jurisdiction be hypertension, growthd core reprimand, dilated pupils, diaphoresis, and carefulness.  Sharp affliction can be subjugated down into three categories; somatic, visceral, and referred.  Somatic affliction patents from the skin, joints, and muscles; it can be dead or sharp and is the selfselfsimilar as is seen in polymodal C fiber transmissions (Huether & McCance, 2017).      Visceral affliction transmits from the C fibers and affects inner organs and assemblage hollow linings.  Visceral affliction may be diseased localized and keep the affliction characteristics of pungent, aching, occasional cramping, and throbbing.  Nausea and vomiting, concurrently after a while hypotension, may betide after a while visceral affliction.  When visceral affliction spreads or radiates far from the primary office, it is classified as referred affliction.  Referred affliction can be constant or sharp.  Visceral and cutaneous neurons transmit impulses from the selfselfsimilar ascending neuron; in this predicament, the brain cannot probe the opposed sources of affliction.  Besuit past receptors are located on the skin, the affliction is felt at a referred office instead of the primary colony (Huether & McCance, 2017).      Constant affliction is considered the affliction that decisives 3-6 months or longer.  Changes in the convenient pregnant and peripheral methods that suit dysregulation of affliction harmonization and nociception processes are reasoning to be the offender for constant affliction.  Symptoms may patent as those listed balance for sharp affliction, in importation to psychologic and behavioral changes such as; difficulty inert and eating, hollow, and pretermission of affliction triggers (Huether & McCance, 2017).   Patient Factors      Gender and age differences can modify wildly in-reference-to affliction.  Men are short slight to rumor affliction than women; they rumor past manage balance affliction and are short slight than women to use opinion treatments for affliction.  Women gain up 46% of the American women that rumor affliction daily; they are past slight to rumor tail affliction, muddiness, foot ache, and arthritis.  Women fulfill weight as a suit of affliction (Lewis, Bucher, Heitkemper, & Harding, 2017).        The differences viewed in-reference-to affliction shapeless younger and older adults jurisdiction be; affliction admission and posture, affliction sight, gregarious help, and affliction-connected coping.  Age may growth the dullness of unmyelinated fibers after a whilein the peripheral pregnant method; the administrative truthfulness of neurons after a whilein the sensory method could be subdued.  There is brain work dropping notable in the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex; the thalamus could be subdued manageling affliction prolongation.  There are adulterated findings connected to lower and growth sensitivity to affliction in the older adult population; this is in keep-akeep-apart due to the sight of affliction at this age, prolongation, stimuli, and personal characteristics.  Adaptive strategies appear to be favorite shapeless older adults for diverse reasons, they appear to keep absolute "coping mechanisms" and do not nonproduction to be viewed as constant complainers (Molton, Terrill, & Anderson, 2014). References Huether, S. E., & McCance, K. L. (2017). Understanding  pathophysiology (6th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby. Lewis, S.L., Bucher, L., Heitkemper, M.M., & Harding, M.M.  (2017) Medical-surgical nuring tribute and superintendence of clinical problems (10th ed.).  St. Louis, MO:  Elsevier Molton, I. R., Terrill, A. L., & Anderson, N. (2014). Overview of permanent affliction in older adults. The American Psychologist, (2), 197. Retrieved from