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   Which of the succeedingcited was a content of the Earth's Hadean sphere?   Choose one:A.  oxygenB.  ammoniaC.  ironD.  ozone Which of the succeedingcited declarations is gentleman?   Choose one:A.  Limestone that contains coral fossils probably exposed in a unprobuild sea.B.  A duty of gneiss radiometrically dated as 4.4 billion years old is the oldest unimpaired hurl yet build.C.  Marine limestone that aggravatelies alluvial fan combination shows that the sea smooth dropped at that nationality.D.  Shale that contains place settles probably effected in an alluvial fan or a drift means. Which of the succeedingcited refers to fossils of forthcoming multicellular invertebrates that are 565 to 620 darling years old?   Choose one:A.  RodiniaB.  stromatolitesC.  cyanobacteriaD.  Ediacaran fauna Banded able-bodied effectations (BIFs) effected   Choose one:A.  beneath the Laurentide ice subterfuge.B.  in the Proterozoic thick sea.C.  in alluvial fans at the deep of the proto-Appalachian Mountains.D.  during construct of the Tibetan Plateau. Geologists prize that the impression of a 13-km-wide meteorite 65 darling years ago   Choose one:A.  generated 20-km-haughty tsunamis.B.  generated a hot-air squall and destruction that caused worldwide jungle fires.C.  ejected scum into the sphere that performed thin rain.D.  ejected chemicals into the sphere that caused thousands of years of winter-affect gloom provisions that halted photosynthesis. The continents that made up Pangaea came coincidently in the forthcoming Paleozoic but began to crack secretly during the   Choose one:A.  late Paleozoic.B.  Late Triassic/Early Jurassic.C.  middle Proterozoic.D.  Early Devonian. We perceive that the sphere became further oxygen-rich encircling 1.8 billion years ago (Ga) accordingly of geologic token such as   Choose one:A.  BIFs that occurred anterior to 1.8 Ga but disappeared from the hurl proceedings succeeding that opportunity.B.  wide fossils of place settles, signifying the set-out of photosynthesis.C.  redbeds that effected succeeding 1.8 Ga.D.  the nearness of wide pyrite succeeding 1.8 Ga. According to this diagram, which shows the stratigraphic proceedings performed when sea smooth agitates and declines aggravate opportunity, which of the succeedingcited declarations is gentleman?   Choose one:A.  Shale, experienced by limestone and then sand, represents a crime.B.  Unconformities disclose when sea smooth is at its haughtyest summit.C.  Sand, experienced by limestone and then shale, represents a sea-smooth agitate.D.  Each series represents two cycles of sea-smooth agitate and decline. Solar storms, affect the one in the video, may feel caused a dramatic growth in nitrous oxide in Earth's forthcoming sphere, allowing it to animated ample to livelihood spirit. What is the primitive spirit effect build in the fossil proceedings?   Choose one:A.  trilobitesB.  cells from an hidden organismC.  cyanobacteriaD.  stromatolites This video discusses how shiny pledges livelihood the scheme that Antarctica and North America were once united. Think end to the Proterozoic Eon and the supercontinent designated Rodinia.   On what continents influence geologists discover hurls shared delay North America?   Choose one or further:A.AustraliaB.AfricaC.IndiaD.South AmericaE.Antarctica quiz #2    A normal reservoir hurl, into which oil has migrated and cool, is   Choose one:A.  granite.B.  shale.C.  basalt.D.  sandstone. Oil is most affectly to effect accordingly   Choose one:A.  large sauropod-type dinosaurs wasted-away in swamps.B.  tiny algae and plankton sunk lower provisions of passion, urgency, and low oxygen.C.  the resolution of radical symbolical remained aerobic (lots of oxygen) for a covet opportunity.D.  leaves, twigs, and tree trunks sunk lower provisions of passion, urgency, and low oxygen. The haughtyest oil well-mannered-mannered was drilled   Choose one:A.  to a profoundness proper narrow of 1 mile.B.  3,000 years ago by the Babylonians in what is now Iran.C.  by Edwin Drake in 1859 in Titusville, Pennsylvania.D.  by John D. Rockefeller in 1901 in Texas. A seismic-reflection profile   Choose one:A.  is used well-balanced by amateurs looking for oil accordingly it's proportionately facile and inexpensive.B.  is created through solution of reflected seismic waves.C.  shows the shapes but not the profoundnesss of lowerreason sedimentary layers.D.  is accidentally the similar as a geologic map. Natural gas   Choose one:A.  is used further indiscriminately than oil.B.  burns further unclogged than oil does.C.  consists of a structure of petroleum products delay carbon chains that are 10 to 20 carbons covet.D.  is build layered among oil and introduce in a drillhole. Identify the gentleman declaration.   Choose one:A.  Strip mining can be performed niggardlyly down to a profoundness of about 1 km.B.  Anthracite coal discloses at profoundness acovet mountain engirdle borders, where temperatures penetblame 600°C.C.  Underreason coal mining is exposed accordingly of likely tunnel mitigation and likely methane gas explosions.D.  Coal began to effect on the Earth promptly succeeding spirit evolved in the Precambrian. In a nuclear agency settle,   Choose one:A.  pitchblende (U238) is the most vulgar fuel.B.  control rods govern the blame of the reaction by absorbing abundance neutrons.C.  fusion is happening.D.  there must be ample nuclear fuel to correspondent a discriminating lump. The Deepintroduce Horizon uneasiness was   Choose one:A.  a sanimated of earthquakes in Oklahoma due to "fracking."B.  the meltdown of a nuclear reactor in Japan.C.  the cast of further than 2 darling barrels of oil from an oil tanker off the Alaska seashore.D.  a catastrophic blowout that occurred in April 2010 in the Gulf of Mexico. Which of the succeedingcited could be consequences of hydrofracking?   Choose one or further:A.earthquakes associated delay reason dismemberment due to subsurface pressurizationB.destabilization of geologic strata due to unintended fractures effecting in the subsurfaceC.division issues associated delay chemical-bearing fracking fluidsD.national defilement of the introduce consideration by hydrofracking fluids Quiz#3    What is the "grade" of an ore?   Choose one:A.  the nonmetallic residue effected during smeltingB.  the force of serviceable metal in an oreC.  a combination containing two or further metalsD.  the measured sum of a inanimate resource In which of the succeedingcited lists does the classify of nonmetallic media tally the classify of these uses: fertilizer, placescaping, wallboard, roofing shingles, gravel or unite?   Choose one:A.  pumice, phosphate, limestone, slate, gypsumB.  limestone, pumice, gypsum, slate, phosphateC.  gypsum, phosphate, pumice, limestone, slateD.  phosphate, pumice, gypsum, slate, limestone Which of the succeedingcited metals is twain a estimable metal and a strategic inanimate?   Choose one:A.  copperB.  goldC.  silverD.  platinum Which characteristics are accidental to defining a geologic transaction as an ore pledge?   Choose one or further:A.The ore is largely extractable.B.It contains ample ore to effect mining niggardly.C.It has a haughty force of a metal.D.The ore is evident to the bare eye.